Research Boards

创业与战略研究

As a department, BOB官方网站在研究相关的基础设施上投入大量资金,旨在创造一个支持性和多产的环境, 让创意蓬勃发展.

Collaboration Exercise

Our Research

Individual staff research activities within the department cover a wide variety of areas, organised around key and overlapping themes such as Entrepreneurial Learning, Family Business, 企业政策与区域发展, 中小型企业, Networks, Strategy and Innovation.

BOB官方网站部门的成员还在顶级国际会议上介绍他们的工作,BOB官方网站鼓励他们通过内部和外部资源这样做. Research activity is also supported by a range of external funding bodies, 包括经济及社会研究理事会(ESRC).

这个部门也是 家庭企业中心 and the 性别、工作与领导学院.

Research Areas

Individual staff research activities within the department cover a wide variety of areas, 组织围绕关键和重叠的主题如下.

Entrepreneurial Learning

该系研究的这一领域涉及探索企业家行为的本质以及企业家学习的方式.

关于创业行为的研究使用了社会心理学, 特别是社会建构主义, to explore entrepreneurial behaviour and understand the contextual links between individuals′ motivations, 行为和业务策略. The work is expanding to explore how concepts of the entrepreneur are constructed and used within society.

关于企业家学习的工作采用了现象学方法来理解企业家的学习过程, focusing on the nature and impact of critical experiences during the growth process. 对学习的社会维度也有研究兴趣, 以及在特许经营系统中学习.

The group also focuses on attitudes to failure among entrepreneurs and investors (comparing US and UK perspectives), the antecedents, 创业失败的后果和学习成果, 企业家的决策过程, 以及风险管理的程度和性质, 特别是在新的企业中.

Entrepreneurial Student

Family Business

家族企业占英国企业的三分之二,约占经济活动和私人就业的一半. 世界上大多数国家的情况都类似. 家族企业及其行为的多样性使其成为一个重要的研究领域,而且自然是一个多学科的研究领域, involving sociology, economics, management theories, culture and history. Understanding family firms requires the analysis of the complex interaction of family and firm, the forces underlying family values and the way these shape the business culture, behaviour, 以及公司的能力.

BOB官方网站的研究表明,不同类型的家族企业可以被识别,高绩效的家族企业是一个规模不同的异常群体, ownership and management structures from the stereotypical ‘average’ family firm.

家族企业往往比非家族企业更古老,许多存活时间最长的企业都是家族所有或控制的. It is often said that innovation is crucial to the survival of firms. These longstanding family firms provide interesting lessons for others on how to sustain innovation across generations. Intergenerational succession lies at the heart of the longstanding family firm. Succession has in it the potential for change and regeneration of the firm, 基于共同的经验和历史.

正是这种改变和再生的潜力被描述为“诠释……导致转型的代际企业家精神”,它有力地将家族企业与企业家精神的研究联系起来. 任何家族企业的未来繁荣, 还有生存的能力, is inextricably linked to the succession process and the way it is handled.

这种延续过去经验与变革需求之间的相互作用,是家族企业的核心. 他们意味着创新和改变的决定, 后人制造, are every bit as entrepreneurial as the original decision to found the business.

Discover our 家庭企业中心 了解更多BOB官方网站在这个领域的研究.

家族企业圆桌会议

Regional Development

该部的这一研究领域涉及审查政府在企业和区域发展方面的决策话语.

Within this group there is a focus on policy directed at regional development and enterprise education, 包括高等教育和继续教育的研究. For example, decisions to invest in education and training are the outcome of social relations and structures, 哪些会受到地域认同的影响.

Studies in this group explore the role of personal business advisors in regional business support, 地域主义的概念, 以及公共部门的领导力发展.

Regional Development

中小企业和创业

过去几十年,中小型企业在经济活动中占有相当大的份额. 在英国,他们代表99个国家.7% of all firms, contributed to 37% of employment, and accounted for 35% of sales in 2005. 大多数发达国家和发展中国家也存在类似的数字.

Although entrepreneurship can take place in both small and large firms, SMEs represent an exceptional vehicle for entrepreneurial activities: most of the start-up activity comes from SMEs; they are an important source of innovation, new products and services; and are a key element for regional development and social cohesion.

如今,政府和国际机构把小公司和企业家精神作为任何促进经济增长和发展的计划或政策的基本要素. The SME owner-manager is identified by many researchers as the entrepreneur, 因为他/她在创业中扮演的角色, running the business, 并且在很大程度上要为它的成败负责. This suggests that the fate of an SME is inextricably linked to the personality, capability, skills, 以及企业家的动力. Within this framework, 经济学和管理学的研究都集中在调查企业家特征对公司绩效的影响. 这包括创业活动、公司生存、规模和增长.

Small Businesses

Innovation

创新不仅仅是将机会或需求转化为可以进行商业开发的新产品和服务. It is about stepping out of line and is closely related to both entrepreneurship and creativity. 它还涉及解决企业内部的问题, introducing new processes and business formats which improve efficiency as businesses grow and change.

To be able to innovate, 它涉及到知识的新组合, 有时新旧知识结合, 或者跨越专业领域或部门之间的界限. It takes imagination to see beyond those boundaries to the wide range of possibilities they bring. It also requires knowledge of what has gone before and the ability to learn from it, 以及对现在的欣赏, 了解可用的选择.

企业家精神包括对机会的认识和评估,往往是创造力和革新之间的桥梁. 这是因为企业家参与了两个问题的舞蹈——什么是需要的,什么是可能的——这两个问题的相互作用是一个持续的过程. Responses are shaped by changing knowledge of the external environment, 通过社交和商业网络, 通过法律制度的改变, 通过竞争环境的变化和市场力量.

这一主题的研究对发展独特的能力做出了重大贡献,这将有助于英国企业的可持续竞争优势. 单靠资源并不能保证成功的知识转移, 正在进行的工作评估了如何, given a history of distance between higher education and business in the UK, 知识的流动可能会得到改善.

Innovation

Entrepreneurship

Our focus on the social aspects of entrepreneurship has developed a unique understanding of how entrepreneurship blossoms; the situations, 它产生的环境和动机,以及它如何通过时间和空间来加强和维持地方和群体. BOB官方网站的研究是在各种各样的背景下进行的.g. 农村、过渡、冲突)和各种群体(e.g. marginalized, refugees) as well as more conventional new business and innovation.

View our Faculty.

考虑到创业的复杂性, we take an interdisciplinary approach drawing on the broader social sciences and humanities; economics, geography, sociology, 人类学和领导. To capture the variety, 生活的细微差别和方方面面, 广泛的研究技术包括历史, ethnographic, 叙事和观察, are employed.

Our view is richer and we believe better informed than a narrow view of enterprise. We believe entrepreneurship can change the world and want to know and share how this is best achieved.

Entrepreneurship

Networks

尽管企业家有个人主义的传统, 人们越来越意识到,网络对企业家至关重要,社会关系可以影响经济结果. The emerging perspective is that since economic activity is embedded in society, the entrepreneur develops and builds networks which provide external sources of information, support, finance and expertise, 互学互鉴,跨越边界.

Networks, personal and financial, formal and informal, play vital, if shifting, roles in the careers of entrepreneurs throughout the life cycle of their firms. 关系和社会互动显然对企业家很重要,但了解网络的实际运作需要更广泛的视角和对社会资本的欣赏.

We know that networks matter and that they bring access to tangible and non-tangible resources. We also know that an entrepreneur’s networks are likely to be based on experience, 这不仅决定了接触的范围, but may also influence perceptions of opportunities and courses of action. Moreover, we recognise that access to social networks is based upon mutual trust and shared understanding, 这意味着许多是排他性的而不是包容性的.

BOB官方网站对网络如何以及为什么运行或故障以及这对不同区域的创业绩效的影响知之甚少, international, sectoral, 技术或组织环境. We also know relatively little about how networks affect different categories of entrepreneur, 他们在连续或组合企业家中扮演着怎样的角色, and how the networking behaviour of social entrepreneurs may differ from that of conventional entrepreneurs.

These issues are confronted by practitioners in large and small organisations seeking to innovate, develop activities, facilitate entrepreneurial learning and when looking to build the potential of employees. 他们还面临着参与区域发展的决策者,这些决策者正寻求鼓励企业家之间建立联系.

Networks

Strategic Management

The Strategic Management research group is an internationally recognised team of scholars. 这个群体是故意多元化的, 无论是方法上还是理论上,都解决了当今组织所面临的一些最根本的挑战. 该集团的成员还撰写了欧洲一些最具影响力的战略教科书,并经常出现在国际商业媒体上.

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Members of the group have editorial positions in leading journals and frequently publish in top journals such as:

管理学会学报, 管理评论学会, 战略管理杂志, Organization Science, Organization Studies, 国际商业研究杂志, 管理研究杂志, 世界商业杂志, Strategic Organization, 英国管理杂志, Long Range Planning, 麻省理工斯隆管理评论, 加利福尼亚管理评论, 商业研究杂志等.

主要研究方向及课题

策略实践和过程

  • 大企业的战略转型与更新
  • The role of culture, tradition, history, and time in organizations and strategy making
  • 论策略工作的论述和叙述视角
  • 应对制度变革和合法性挑战
  • Practices of strategy making including away days and the use of spaces and strategy tools

Mergers & Acquisitions

  • M&A performance
  • 股票市场对信息披露的反应
  • Post-merger integration
  • Management of synergy

商业模式和数字化战略

  • 做市实践、估值和商业模式
  • 商业模式在跨国公司中的出现和使用
  • 创造新的(数字)实践领域
  • 在战略工作中使用数字技术

知识、学习和管理认知

  • Micro-level perspectives on capability development and routine level change
  • 复制策略和知识转移
  • 跨界管理学习

Emerging Markets

新兴市场集团(EMG)为BOB官方网站管理学院的学术能力发展提供了一个论坛,并与更广泛的社区合作,传播有关新兴市场的知识. 它汇集了对吸引世界经济中重大社会经济和政治活动的市场感兴趣的专家.

EMG supports the collaborative initiatives with researchers, practitioners and policymakers. 如需更多信息,请联系 Arpit Raswant.

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